Dutch Cabinet Marks New Offshore Wind Grid Connections as Projects of National Importance (2024)

The Dutch Cabinet has taken the lead on five energy infrastructure projects, making them projects of national importance.The five developments mainly revolve around grid connections for offshore wind farms and further development of the hydrogen infrastructure.

Dutch Cabinet Marks New Offshore Wind Grid Connections as Projects of National Importance (1)

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  • New Offshore Wind Farms’ Connections Become Key National Projects
  • Yes to Blue Hydrogen Until Green Hydrogen Is in Full Steam

On 2 December, MickyAdriaansens, Ministerof Economic Affairs and Climate Policy, and Rob Jetten, Minister for Climate and Energy, sent a letter to parliament on the progress of the Multi-year Infrastructure Energy and Climate Programme (MIEK), with a notice that five new projects are being added to the MIEK.

Dutch Cabinet Marks New Offshore Wind Grid Connections as Projects of National Importance (2)

The Dutch multi-year energy infrastructure plan, which includes projects that are important for the future energy infrastructure, now has a total of 14 projects marked as being of national importance.

The five developments added now include offshore wind connections to the grid on land, hydrogen import terminals in the Rotterdam-Moerdijk and the North Sea Canal areas, the H-vision project in Rotterdam for the production of blue hydrogen, and the Aramis project that will build the infrastructure necessary for the transport of CO2 to storage locations under the North Sea.

The central government, in collaboration with all parties, is in charge by addressing and removing bottlenecks, sharing knowledge, and supporting timely decisions about ownership, financing and spatial integration, among other things.

The approach for advancing the MIEK projects depends on the planned completion date and can be divided into two types, according to the letter: 1) projects with a (revised) completion date up to and including 2026, where the focus is on preventing delays and 2) projects with a planned completion date after 2026, where the focus is on additional acceleration towards realisation.

New Offshore Wind Farms’ Connections Become Key National Projects

According to the document, the offshore grid projects now marked as of national importance are those for the offshore wind farms to be procured through the ongoing Hollandse Kust West and the upcoming first IJmuiden Ver tenders, and wind farms to be built in the new development areas that the government designated earlier this year.

The projects arising from the Coalition Agreement of 2021 require an amount of EUR 2 billion up to and including 2030 for careful spatial integration at sea and on land, and strengthening of the ecology in the North Sea and the Wadden Sea, according to the MIEK.

The wind farm sites at the Hollandse Kust West zone, one of which was awarded to RWE while the winner for the other site is yet to be selected, are scheduled to start producing power in 2024 (site VI) and 2026 (site VII, won by RWE), with both to be linked to 700 MW offshore converter platforms.

The wind turbines at the first two sites at IJmuiden Ver, which consists of four initial areas, are planned to start feeding power into the grid in 2028, with the second IJmuiden Ver pair expected to enter into operation the following year.

IJmuiden Ver wind farms will be connected to the new, 2 GW offshore grid technology developed by TenneT, as will almost all of the wind farms to be built at the new areas, with the exception of the Ten noorden van de Waddeneilanden project that will also be linked to a 700 MW offshore substation.

The offshore wind farms at the newly designated areas are planned to be put into operation from 2029 to 2031.

Dutch Cabinet Marks New Offshore Wind Grid Connections as Projects of National Importance (4)

The new projects include the IJmuiden Ver Noord V and VI, each with a capacity of 1 GW, the 2 GW Nederwiek Zuid I, the 2 GW Nederwiek Noord II, the 2 GW Nederwiek Noord III, the 2 GW Doordewind I, the 2 GW Doordewind II, and the 700 MW Ten noorden van de Waddeneilanden.

The Hollandse Kust West tender to build offshore wind farms at that zone is still ongoing and the winner of the second site is expected to be revealed in the coming days.

Next year, developers willbidforIJmuiden VerI and II sites, and in 2025 atenderwill be launched forIJmuiden VerIII and IV. IJmuiden Ver Noord V and VI, and Nederwiek Zuid I are also scheduled to be auctioned off in the second quarter of 2025.

Nederwiek Noord II and III are to be auctioned off in 2026, Ten noorden van de Waddeneilanden in 2026 or 2027, and Doordewind I and II will be put up for auction in 2027.

With these new offshore wind farms, the Netherlands will reach its plan to achieve 21 GW of capacity installed by 2030.

While the government continues to work on the 2030 goal, it is also preparing for the major ‘upgrade’ to its ambitions as it now also plans to have 70 GW of offshore wind capacity by 2050, with a good portion of this also powering green hydrogen production.

Yes to Blue Hydrogen Until Green Hydrogen Is in Full Steam

The other four projects are focused on hydrogen and carbon capture and storage; however, just as the most of the MIEK projects, these too are interlinked with other infrastructure and coupled with other sectors.

The H-vision project focuses on the production of hydrogen from the residual gases from refineries, with the associated CO2 emissions being captured and stored. With the right infrastructure and partners, this project can potentially reduce 2.7 Mton of CO2 from the port areas in Rotterdam and Moerdijk, the MIEK reads.

According to Equinor, the partner in the first phase of H-vision, the project involves a large-scale production and utilisation of blue hydrogen that will allow local industry in Rotterdam to substantially reduce its CO2emissions well before 2030.

The focus is on the production of hydrogen using natural gas and refinery fuel gas. The CO2that is released during production will be captured and stored in depleted gas fields under the North Sea. The hydrogen obtained can then be used as a low-carbon energy carrier in industrial processes to generate high temperatures or to produce electricity.

As a result, H-vision enables Rotterdam-based petrochemical industry and power producers to reduce its emissions in a relative short time-frame whilst the project paves the way for the arrival of green hydrogen, which generates zero CO2in its production, Equinor writes.

Aside from Equinor, the H-vision partners include: Deltalinqs, Air Liquide, bp, Gasunie,Port of Rotterdam, ONYX Power, Shell, Uniper, Royal Vopak,ExxonMobil, and EBN.

The Aramis project offers infrastructure for the transport of CO2 supplied by industry to storage locations in the North Sea. With the development of this infrastructure, Aramis can start from 2027 with an annual storage of 5 Mton CO2 per year, with a further growth to 12 and eventually 22 Mton per year, which is a very large part of the CO2 reduction task of the Dutch industry, according to the MIEK.

As reported earlier, Aramis is one of two planned carbon capture projects in the Netherlands, with the second beingPorthos– Port of Rotterdam CO2 Transport Hub and Offshore Storage.

The project, announced in July 2021 as a joint project of TotalEnergies, Shell Netherlands, EBN, and Gasunie, involves developing new CO2transport infrastructure to enable offshore CO2storage and is based on an ‘open access’ philosophy to give industrial customers and offshore storage providers the possibility to connect to the infrastructure at a later stage.

Partners behind Aramis plan to take a final investment decision by 2023 with an operational start-up in 2026, and aim at a synergistic relationship with the Porthos project.

For the project on import and transit of hydrogen in Rotterdam-Moerdijk, the MIEK states that, in order to secure sufficient hydrogen supply in the future, the large-scale import of hydrogen is being intensively examined. That is why work is being done on terminals for the import and transit of hydrogen in the Rotterdam-Moerdijk region.

The first terminals are planned to be operational in 2024 and will initially be deployed locally in the Rotterdam-Moerdijk cluster, and will be further transported mainly by inland shipping. The aim is to subsequently connect the national hydrogen infrastructure and the Delta Corridor.

The purpose of the North Sea Canal area hydrogen terminal is the same: ensuring that sufficient hydrogen can be supplied in the North Sea Canal area in the future.

A consortium of organisations is working on the realisation of an import terminal for hydrogen in this area, including terminal operators, technology providers and hydrogen customers – bringing the entire supply chain together.

In line with the estimated need for hydrogen, this terminal must be operational by 2030, at the latest, according to the Dutch Multi-year Infrastructure Energy and Climate Programme (MIEK).

Dutch Cabinet Marks New Offshore Wind Grid Connections as Projects of National Importance (5)


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Dutch Cabinet Marks New Offshore Wind Grid Connections as Projects of National Importance (2024)


What is the goal of offshore wind in the Netherlands? ›

The Netherlands' previous goal to achieve 21 GW of offshore wind capacity by the end of 2031 has been postponed by one year, now targeting achievement by 2032.

How is offshore wind connected to the grid? ›

Offshore Wind Farms Use Undersea Cables to Transmit Electricity to the Grid: Electricity produced by offshore wind turbines travels back to land through a series of cable systems that are buried in the sea floor.

How are wind turbines connected to the national grid? ›

What happens to the wind-turbine generated electricity next? To connect to the national grid, the electrical energy is then passed through a transformer on the site that increases the voltage to that used by the national electricity system.

What is the offshore wind Act Netherlands? ›

Netherlands Offshore Wind Energy Act was adopted on 24th of June 2015 and entered into force on 1st of July 2015. According to the Act, the government assumes control of the spatial planning arrangements and environmental evaluation of the planned plants from the offshore wind project investor.

What is the primary purpose of Dutch windmills? ›

Historically, the most essential function of windmills in holland is to pumping water out of the lowlands and then back into the rivers beyond the banks so that the land could be farmed. Later, other applications were added, such as making paint, sawing tree trucks, and pressing the oil.

What is the offshore wind roadmap for the Netherlands? ›

The planning schedule for permit tender procedures and construction of offshore wind farms is changing. Instead of 2030/2031, the Netherlands wants to have 21 gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind energy at the end of 2032. This gives developers and companies more time to realise the wind farms and grid connections.

Do offshore wind turbines harm the environment? ›

Impact of offshore wind developments on marine life

The sound levels from pile-driving, when the turbine is hammered to the seabed, are particularly high. This is potentially harmful to marine species and have been of greatest concern to marine mammal species, such as endangered whales.

What are the disadvantages of offshore wind energy? ›

Disadvantages of offshore wind power

Offshore wind farms require more complex infrastructure to support them and, as a result, are more expensive to construct. Higher wind speeds, strong seas and accessibility issues makes offshore wind farms more challenging to maintain.

Who owns the offshore wind farms? ›

Predominantly private entities own 48.8% (5.1 GW). The 9 largest public owners are foreign, including Danish wind company DONG, Swedish power company Vattenfall, Norwegian Statkraft and Munich's municipal energy company. DONG alone owns 31.5% of all UK offshore wind.

Who can connect to the National Grid? ›

Customers who want to put power onto the grid. We connect various types of generation technology: onshore and offshore wind farms, solar farms, battery storage, tidal power, nuclear and gas powered generators. We classify our generation customers based on capacity: Large 100MW+

How do grid connections work? ›

Grid connections involve connecting properties to low voltage (LV) cable networks so that they can receive electricity from the national grid.

What is the offshore ring main for the National Grid? ›

An Offshore Ring Main would connect to the National Grid through one single cable connection, potentially saving the North Norfolk countryside from widespread infrastructure works delivered over many years.

What is the Netherlands policy on wind energy? ›

Goal. By the end of 2032, the Government wants to have 21 gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind energy. These wind farms will then supply 16% of the energy we need in the Netherlands. That is equivalent to approximately 75% of our current electricity consumption.

What is the physical potential for Dutch offshore wind energy? ›

In this study, we show that the Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone in the North Sea can sustainably host an installed capacity of approximately 59 GW on readily available space. By selecting areas fit for co-use, such as nature reserves and military zones, this amount can be increased to approximately 99 GW.

Why does the Netherlands use wind energy? ›

Windmills have historically played a major part in the Netherlands by providing an alternative to water driven mills.

What is the purpose of offshore wind? ›

Offshore wind farms generate electricity from wind blowing across the sea. They are considered more efficient than onshore wind farms, thanks to the higher speed of winds, greater consistency and lack of physical interference that the land or human-made objects can present.

What is the EU goal for offshore wind? ›

EU strategy on offshore renewable energy

It sets targets for an installed capacity of at least 60 GW of offshore wind and 1 GW of ocean energy by 2030, and 300 GW and 40 GW, respectively, by 2050.

What are the targets for offshore wind in Europe 2030? ›

2030 target within reach

WindEurope forecasts that the EU will install 29 GW a year on average over 2024-30. This will bring the EU's installed wind capacity to 393 GW in 2030, compared to the 425 GW needed to deliver Europe's climate and energy targets.


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